Oral cancer usually starts as benign tumors, but can sometimes grow rapidly, especially in people with weakened immune systems. In order to find out more about oral cancers and how they develop and spread, visit What Is Oral Cancer? Oral cancer, also known as the oral cavity or orofacial cancer is a cancer that occurs in the mouth. Oral cancer affects approximately one person out of every five women.
A tumor in an oral cavity is the most common type of cancer in women and occurs in between teeth. It can be found anywhere within the mouth, although most of it is located in the cheeks and gums. Oral cancer begins in an area of the body that has an abnormal growth. It can affect any part of the mouth, although most often it is found in areas like the cheeks, the back of the tongue, the gum tissue and the inside of the cheeks. The disease can also grow in other areas of the face.
There are several types of oral cancer. The most common is called orofacial cancer. This form of cancer affects the soft tissues around the cheekbones and inside the mouth. Oropharyngeal (or middle) cancer is similar to orofacial cancer, except that it is found in the middle of the mouth, usually between the gums and teeth.
Onychomycosis is another type of oral cavity cancer. It occurs in moist areas in and around the mouth, such as around the tongue, on the outside of the gums, and under the skin on the cheeks and other areas of the mouth.
Some cancers of the mouth can grow in different places in a person’s body. Breast cancer can spread from the mouth and lymph to other parts of the body. Oral cancer can spread through the bloodstream to lungs, heart, bones and other parts of the body. It can also spread through the lymphatic system to lungs and other organs in the system. In fact, some forms of oral cancer can be cancerous to the bone marrow, so the treatment may include chemotherapy.
Oral cancers are treated using certain medications. If detected in early stages, the surgery can be fairly painless, although some medications may be used to treat them permanently. These medications can target the tumor, slowing or stopping its growth and killing it, sometimes for many years.
Surgery is an option if the cancer is found and not too far advanced, but it can be very difficult to remove the oral cavity because it is so close to the heart and lungs. The doctor may have to open the cavity completely with a scalpel, or try to remove the entire organ.
There is a possibility that if the cancer spreads into the esophagus and the heart, the patient may be in danger of perforation of the stomach or lungs. This can cause a serious problem, with potentially fatal consequences. Treating the cancer will not stop the spread of oral cavity cancer through the blood stream, so it is important to take care to ensure that the cancer doesn’t spread to areas that could be harmful.
Some forms of cancer of the mouth, known as oral squamous cell carcinoma, may be removed surgically. These cancers have a raised area where new cells are growing, and this type of cancer grows through these spots. However, the most common type of cancer in this area is called oral basal cell carcinoma, which grows directly on the surface of the tooth or gum tissue. Oral basal cell carcinoma does not grow deep inside of the tooth, so it cannot be treated with surgery.
Sometimes it is possible to detect a sign of oral cavity cancer without undergoing invasive procedures, such as during routine check-ups. However, the earlier the cancer is discovered and treated, the better the chance of controlling or even eliminating it. Even though the cancer may not appear very noticeable, it is important to get treatment as soon as possible.
Sometimes it may be difficult to detect oral cavity cancer, especially if the condition is left alone for a long time. Because of the close proximity of the mouth to the brain, it is possible for tumors to grow without anyone noticing them. This is why it is important to check your gums regularly, as well as the teeth, in order to spot changes in appearance that may be related to oral cancer. If the tumor is small and soft, it may not be noticeable, but it can become noticeable over time.
If you are worried about whether or not you may have oral cavity cancer, talk to your doctor immediately and make an appointment for a complete physical exam. It’s also important to keep a close eye on your mouth for changes, such as sores or swelling, unusual bleeding or pain, and other changes.